Mindfullness Meditation (9 Minutes)

Mindfulness is the intentional, accepting and non-judgemental focus of one’s attention on the emotions, thoughts and sensations occurring in the present moment,[1] which can be trained by meditational practices that are described in detail in the Buddhist tradition.

The term “mindfulness” is derived from the Pali-term sati,[2] “mindfulness”, which is an essential element of Buddhist practice, including vipassana, satipaṭṭhāna and anapanasati. It has been popularized in the West by Jon Kabat-Zinn with his mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program.[3] Mindfulness is also an attribute of consciousness long believed to promote well-being.[4] Large population-based surveys have indicated that the construct of mindfulness is strongly correlated with well-being and perceived health.[5][6] Studies have also shown that rumination and worry contribute to mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety,[7][8] and mindfulness-based interventions are effective in the reduction of both rumination and worry.[9][7]

Clinical psychology and psychiatry since the 1970s have developed a number of therapeutic applications based on mindfulness for helping people who are experiencing a variety of psychological conditions.[10] Mindfulness practice is being employed in psychology to alleviate a variety of mental and physical conditions, such as bringing about reductions in depression symptoms,[11][12][13] reducing stress,[14][15][12] anxiety,[11][12][15] and in the treatment of drug addiction.[16][17][18] It has gained worldwide popularity as a distinctive method to handle emotions.

Clinical studies have documented the physical and mental health benefits of mindfulness in general, and MBSR in particular.[19][20][21]Programs based on MBSR and similar models have been widely adapted in schools, prisons, hospitals, veterans centers, and other environments.